I want us to remember that the Beatitudes, including poverty of spirit, are not some special sort of Christian ethic or a list of rules that we must keep in order to “go to heaven.” Instead, they are supernatural attributes that flow from the people of God because they are being transformed by the grace of God.
So he sits down, in the posture of an authoritative rabbi, and opens his mouth to teach them. And what he says next is the primary subject of this article: “Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.”
Jesus not only reveals that the Kingdom has come near to those who seem unfit for it, but also that those who are in this Kingdom possess these attributes that the Beatitudes highlight. They have not attained these attributes or worked their way into being the type of people the Beatitudes describe. No, rather they have been mystically transformed into these kinds of people by the grace of the Father.
Who are the blessed of Matthew 5:1-13?